The procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube with a digital camera on the tip, through the length of the colon. Sedation is administered by a board-certified anesthesiologist for the procedure so patients typically do not feel or hear anything. The procedure is painless and patients can go home the same day.
Indications for colonoscopy include, but are not limited to chronic abdominal pain and bloating, bleeding from below, anemia, significant weight loss, change in bowel habits, family or personal history of colon cancer or colon polyps and screening if you are over the age of fifty and have never had a colonoscopy. The lining of the colon is carefully examined for any abnormalities. A digital photograph can document anything out of the ordinary. Such information can be shared with the patient and her/his primary care doctor.
Everyone over the age of 50 should have a screening colonoscopy once every ten years even if symptom free. Polyps are typically benign growths in the lining of the colon but can become cancerous if left untreated. They are typically removed during colonoscopy by a procedure known as polypectomy.
Also called upper endoscopy, EGD stands for esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The procedures is named after the parts of the upper GI tract that it visualizes: the esophagus, which leads from the mouth to the stomach, the stomach (gastro) and the first part of the small intestine, the duodenum, which is connected to the stomach. This procedure also involves inserting a thin (thinner than a colonoscope) flexible tube through the mouth, down the esophagus, into the stomach and into the duodenum. The lining of these organs are visualized and digital photographs of any abnormalities can be documented. Indications for EGD include, but are not limited to, upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or difficulty swallowing, chronic heart burn or acid reflex and suspected celiac disease. This procedure is also performed under sedation administered by a board-certified anesthesiologist. It is pain free and patients can go home the same day.